Bulgarian, Romanian researchers develop system to manage agricultural risks in Dobroudja Region
The system will map out climate in the cross-border area, soil condition, levels of nitrogen, potassium and trace minerals in the soil
Bulgarian and Romanian researchers are developing a geographic information system (GIS) for predicting and managing agricultural risks in Dobroudja region, said Ivan Kiryakov, head of the Dobroudja Agricultural Institute on Friday. The project is worth 1.3 million euro under the Romania-Bulgaria Cross-Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013.
The Bulgarian team is partnering with the Plant Protection Research Institute in Bucharest, the Association of Cereals Growers from Constanta and the Dobroudja Union of Grain Producers, specified Kiryakov. The system will map out climate in the cross-border area, soil condition, levels of nitrogen, potassium and trace minerals in the soil, diseases and pest risks for staple crops. Data will be clustered around 46 geographic points in the Dobrich area. A farmer with land located within a 10-km radius from any point will be provided with advice on wheat and sunflower growing.
The biggest risks to farming in the Dobrich region are dry winds during crop vegetation and snowless winters, said Kiryakov. In his words, one of the emerging problems is disruption to crop rotation by growing predominantly wheat, sunflower, rapeseed and maize in the region. The system should be ready by the fall of 2012.